Basic Commands In Git

Basic Commands In Git

Altaf Shaikh

Published on Apr 19, 2021

2 min read

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In the previous section we have installed Git on our system. In this section, we will see some basic commands in Git. we will use these commands in the next section, here our aim is to know what are the commands in git and what is their usage.

Basic Git Commands:

1) git init

Utility: To initialize a git repository for a new or existing project.

How to: git init in the root of your project directory.


git init

2) git clone

Utility: To copy a git repository from a remote source, it also sets the remote to original source so that you can pull again.

How to: git clone <:git url:>


git clone

3) git status

Utility: To check the status of files you've changed in your working directory, i.e, what all has changed since your last commit.

How to: git status in your working directory. lists out all the files that have been changed.


git status

4) git add

Utility: adds changes to stage/index in your working directory.

How to:

git add .

5) git commit

Utility: To save changes to the local repository safely. Commit takes a snapshot of the project and treats it as a version.

How to:

git commit -m "sweet little commit message"

6) git push

Utility: It is used to transfer or push the commit, which is made on a local branch in your computer to a remote repository

How to: git push <:remote:> <:branch:>


git push origin master

7) git pull

Utility: It is used to fetch and download content from a remote repository and immediately update the local repository to match that content.

How to: git pull <:remote:> <:branch:>


git pull origin master

8) git --version

Utility: To check the version if the git is installed

How to:

git --version

9) git remote

Utility: To check what remote/source you have or add a new remote.

How to: git remote to check and list. And git remote add <:remote_url:> to add a remote.


git remote add

Congratulations!! We have learned basic commands of Git and now we are ready to use them and see Git in action, in our next section.

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